27-06-2018, 15:36
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Herichthys pantostictus



Herichthys pantostictus was first described in 1983 by Jeffrey N. Taylor and Robert Rush Miller. The name "pantostictus" comes from the Greek and means everywhere. These fish naturally occur in Mexico, in the basin of the Rio Panuco, which is the main river south of the Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte) and the second largest on the Atlantic slope of Mexico. The basin contains quite a number of endemic fish species, of which Herichthys pantostictus is a part. The greatest accumulation of fish is observed in the low-lying lagoons. In these areas, the water is very turbid and the maximum visibility is no more than half a meter. The fish stay along the coastal zone at a depth of up to 2 m among dense aquatic vegetation.

Herichthys pantostictus has a brownish head and a similarly colored back. The belly is white or orange. The entire body, except the belly, is dotted with dark brown mottles, which almost merge with each other as they approach the head. There are dark stripes and spots on the tail and anal plumage. The dorsal plumage is red edged. The body of young fish has a blurred longitudinal stripe with 3-4 dark spots. At the root of the tail plumage there is an oval-shaped spot. This coloration of juveniles completely disappears as the fish matures. The maximum size of the fish is about 16 cm.

Herichthys pantostictus

Herichthys pantostictus are very aggressive fish. Keep them preferably in large aquariums, a volume of 400 liters, with lots of different shelters from the stones, stacked in the bulk and snags. The perimeter of the aquarium should be densely planted with a variety of plants. The aquarium can contain a small group of these fish. When containing Herichthys pantostictus in the general aquarium, their neighbors may be other cichlid species commensurate or larger in size.

Water parameters: temperature 22-28° C, hardness dH 15-25°, acidity pH 7,5-8,5. Requires filtration, aeration, as well as a weekly substitution of ¼ of the aquarium water with fresh. Need to create a small amount of water in the aquarium by directing the withdrawal nozzle water filter along the back wall of the aquarium. The quality of water must be strictly monitored, because if its parameters will not meet the required, even a short time, the fish start to get sick.

Reproduction

Breeding Herichthys pantostictus is quite simple. Initially, it is desirable that the fish formed a strong pair, for which you need to buy fish while still young. Both parents take care of the eggs and fry.

Before spawning, producers seek out a flat rock, located in a secluded place, and clean it from dirt. Then the female lays hundreds of eggs on it. After 2-3 days after the larvae have hatched, the producers move them to the hole dug in the ground in advance, where they remain until they have not completely used up the nutrients from their yolk sac. After that, the fry in a flock begin to swim under the supervision of their parents. Parental care is provided for 4-5 weeks, until the fry reach a size of about 2 cm.

The fry are fed live dust and artemia.

Herichthys pantostictus

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