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Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos



Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos is naturally found in African Lake Malawi, Africa. The fish can be found in one area near the northeastern part of Lykoma Island, between Mbako and Membe points, along rocky shores, at a depth of 5-10 meters. The fish got its name relatively recently, in 1997, and before that they were often identified with Melanochromis johanni, although the latter in the coloration present orange tones and both sexes have transverse bands on the body. The fish can be recommended to experienced aquarists.

It should be noted that early attempts to contain these fish in aquariums were unsuccessful, because aquarists tried to keep them in pairs, which led to injuries or death of the female. The thing is that if there are too few fish in the aquarium, one of the larger males will become hyper-dominant. If the aquarium will be overpopulated, the fish will be under constant stress, and to maintain water quality at the proper level will be very difficult. Somewhere between them is the golden mean, in which the fish will peacefully coexist with each other without stress. You should also keep in mind that this equilibrium is also not stable, and at some point intervention may be required to keep the peace in the aquarium.

Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos

Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos has an elongated body of dark blue coloration, with lighter longitudinal stripes. The head is rounded, and the dorsal plumage extends almost from the head to the root of the tail plumage. Females have shorter pelvic fins than males and a slightly lighter abdomen. The maximum size of the fish reaches 10 cm.

Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos - fish aggressive and territorial. Keep these fish are recommended in a species aquarium or in a common aquarium with other fish capable of standing up for themselves if necessary. To reduce the likelihood of clashes between fish need a spacious aquarium, the volume of 150 liters. In this aquarium can contain 1 male and 2-4 females. Due to the fact that between the males are constantly arising conflict to contain more than 1 male in the aquarium is not desirable. Due to the aggressiveness of MAingano together with them to keep the aquarium can only be large and strong fish, such as Labeotropheus trewavasae or Pseudotropheus elongatus. Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos is a strong and very aggressive fish. Co-habitation with other territorial fish may end tragically for the latter. Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos, in the fight for territory, does not hesitate to engage even with much larger fish.

Water parameters: temperature 24-28° C, hardness dH 10-25°, acidity pH 7,5-8,8. Water filtration and aeration is necessary, as well as its replacement with fresh water twice a week for 1/4 part.

Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos

As the ground can be used gravel of different sizes or coarse river sand. In the corners of the aquarium is desirable to make piles of large stones, among which form caves in which fish could swim freely.

The main menu Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos serve food of plant origin. The fish are given flake food containing spirulina, blanched spinach, etc. Additionally, the fish are fed a variety of live and frozen food. Feed 1-2 times a day.

Reproduction

Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos reaches its sexual maturity at the age of 6-8 months.

Breeding fish is relatively easy. This may require spawning aquarium, if the producers do not live in a species aquarium. The fish begin to intensively feed a variety of foods.

The male begins to clean a large stone of dirt and algae, and then tries to attract the female to the nest by showing her a bright color. The approaching female swims up to the rock and immediately takes all the eggs to her mouth. Then the female swims up to the anal fin of the male, and he at this time releases some of the sperm, thereby fertilizing the eggs in the mouth of the female.

The eggs are incubated for 3-4 weeks, after which the mouth of the female leaves the fully formed fry.

Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos

Fry are large enough and capable of eating Artemia nauplii immediately after birth. Feed the fry should be 3-4 times a day.

Life expectancy Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos in aquarium conditions is 8-9 years.

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