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Betta uberis



The Betta uberis lives naturally in peat bogs and streams on the island of Borneo, Southeast Asia. The fish can be found in places under the crowns of tropical forest trees. At the bottom of such reservoirs, the water is semi-dark and has a brownish color due to the tannins released by the decomposition of organic matter at the bottom.

The body of Betta uberis is elongated. The body coloration of young fish is red, and mature fish take on a burgundy color with a bluish sheen. Males are more brightly colored and have elongated fins than females. The tail plumage is rounded. The size of the fish reaches 3-3.5 cm.

Betta uberis

It is advisable to keep Betta uberis singly in a species aquarium. Perhaps kept in a common aquarium with small peaceful fish, pairs or a small harem consisting of 1 male and 2-3 females. For one individual must have at least 40 liters of water.

As with other varieties of cockerels, Betta uberis not necessarily use a substrate, which allows for easier care of the aquarium. If there is a desire to maximize the conditions of detention of these fish to natural, at the bottom you can place a sheet of dried leaves of oak or beech, which, as a result of decomposition, will multiply colonies of microbes, which are good additional food for fry. The aquarium should be placed snags and tree branches, forming shady areas in which the fish will hide.

Water parameters: temperature 22-27° C, hardness dH 1-5°, pH 4,0-6,0. Filtration should not be too strong. Keep the aquarium tightly covered with an aquarium lid and do not fill it to the brim with water. Like all bettas, Uber roosters need access to the warm moist air that will form above the water surface.

Betta uberis

Lighting should be low, with an intensity of about 0.1-0.2 W/L. The majority of aquatic plants cannot grow in such conditions, therefore shade-tolerant species such as Singapore moss should be selected.

The menu of fish in nature consists of small aquatic and terrestrial insects. In an aquarium, a variety of dry foodstuffs serve as basic food. To enhance color and increase immunity fish are fed live and frozen daphniya, artemia and bloodworms. Try not to overfeed the fish, as they do not know the measure of food and tend to obesity.

Reproduction

Under acceptable housing conditions, the Betta uberis spawns systematically.

Before female spawning, the male builds his own nest inside a plastic tube, ceramic pot or among the leaves of floating plants, if available in the aquarium. All this time, the male vigilantly guards the nest, not letting the female to it. Once the nest is built, the character of the male changes and he begins to court the female, attracting her to the nest.

The pregnant female becomes pale in color and dark stripes appear on her flanks. During the spawning process, the male wraps his body around the female and at this time she hatches a small batch of eggs. The male immediately fertilizes the eggs and carries them to the nest. This continues until the female fully spawns. This is not a particularly prolific species of fish, and the order of 20 eggs is the norm, although it's not uncommon when the female pushes out up to 50 eggs. The female does not take part in the care of the eggs, the male takes care of them.

The eggs incubate for 24-48 hours. After hatching the larvae remain in the nest for 3-4 days, feeding on their yolk sac. All this time, the male keeps track of the larvae and returns those that have left the nest. As soon as the fry swim away, the male completely loses interest in them.

Betta uberis

Feed the fry with artemia 3-4 times a day. Do not overfeed the fry and change 1/10th of the aquarium water daily with fresh water to prevent intestinal diseases among them.

The lifespan of an Betta uberis is about 3 years.

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