11-01-2022, 20:38
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Chiapaheros grammodes



Chiapacheros grammodes is a medium-sized and aggressive cichlid found in freshwater lakes and streams along the southwestern slope of the Pacific Ocean in Chiapas, Mexico and beyond in Guatemala. This species is considered quite rare among novice aquarists, but has become very popular among experienced cichlid owners.

Chiapaheros grammodes is quite an interesting fish with a pattern of bright red spots and squiggles on its muzzle. The fish has large lips. Sexual differences are clearly visible on the gill covers of adult fish. In males they are dotted with small dark spots, which are absent in females. Also, females during the spawning period are almost black, but as the fish age - this property is less apparent. In addition to the red hue, the body of the fish in the reflected light shimmers blue. Young fish are usually gray with a lateral band or dark spots on the sides or at the base of the tail fin, which is often surrounded by a blue halo. Adult fish reach up to 18 cm in size.

Chiapaheros grammodes

When young, Chiapaheros grammodes is an unassuming and restrained cichlid, but when it grows up, it can turn into a real tyrant. Nevertheless, the fish form strong pairs and often remain faithful to each other throughout life. This species is quite aggressive, especially during the spawning period. It can be kept with other large cichlids, catfish and other large fish capable of standing up for themselves. Do not keep dwarf shrimp with these fish.

To contain Chiapacheros grammodes aquarium of 600 liters of volume required with sandy substrate and lots of shelters in the form of snags, large stones and ceramic pots, put the side. The fish usually do not eat ornamental plants, but rather a lot of swarming in the soil, so we recommend floating plants and bushes that are attached to snags and stones.

Water parameters: temperature 24 - 30° C, hardness dH 10-33°, pH 6,3-8,0. Requires filtration and aeration of water, as well as its weekly replacement of 1/3 of fresh water. It should be noted that water quality is very important for these fish. They are originally inhabitants of running water.

Chiapaheros grammodes

In the wild, the fish's diet consists mostly of small vertebrates (mostly fish) ambushed. In aquariums, fish are fed live, frozen, and dry pelleted food. Quality and varied feeds are key to a diet that ensures that these fish maintain optimal coloration and are healthy.

Breeding

If spawning is desired, keep producers in a species tank and take care to form a strong pair. It is best to grow a group of young individuals together and allow them to naturally form pairs, then transplant each pair into a separate aquarium.

Their sexual maturity Chiapacheros grammodes reaches a size of about 8 cm.

During the spawning period, the sides of the males are colored more red and the coloration of the females becomes black.

Spawning is usually preceded by a short period of courtship by the male. The female lays eggs on the substrate among the rocks. The female guards the clutch and the male guards the territory, but does so with little aggression. The eggs are quite large, as are the larvae that later hatch out of them.

Chiapaheros grammodes

The eggs incubate for about 5 days, after which the larvae hatch. After another 6 days, the fry begin to swim and feed under the supervision of both parents.

During the first days of life, the fry are fed with Artemia 4 times a day.

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